Browsing by Author "Zafar, Bushra"
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Image classification by addition of spatial information based on histograms of orthogonal vectors Zafar, Bushra; Ashraf, Rehan; Ali, Nouman; Ahmed, Mudassar; Jabbar, Sohail; Chatzichristofis, Savvas A. (PLOS ONE, 2018-06-08)The Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) model is widely used for image classification, object recognition and image retrieval problems. In BoVW model, the local features are quantized and 2-D image space is represented in the form ...